Phoenix is the capital, and largest city, of the state of Arizona. With approximately 1,445,632 people, as of the 2010 U.S. Census, Phoenix is the most populous state capital in the United States, as well as the 6th largest populated city nationwide.
The Phoenix metropolitan area is the 13th largest metro area by population in the United States, with approximately 4.3 million people in 2010. In addition, Phoenix is one of the largest cities in the United States by land area.
Settled in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the Gila and Salt Rivers, Phoenix incorporated as a city in 1881. Located in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert, Phoenix's climate is subtropical desert. Despite this, its canal system led to a thriving farming community, many of the original crops remaining important parts of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus and hay (which was important for the cattle industry).In fact, the "Five C's" (Cotton, Cattle, Citrus, Climate, and Copper), remained the driving forces of Phoenix's economy until after World War II, when high tech industries began to move into the valley.
The population growth rate of the Phoenix metro area has been nearly 4% per year for the past 40 years. It did slow down a bit during the Great Recession, it has already begun to rebound. Being near the center of the state, Phoenix is the jumping off point for the various attractions in the Valley of the Sun, as well as the rest of Arizona.
Article of Phoenix is sourced from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix,_Arizona